From today, a series of new offences and sentences come into force, that have been introduced under the Legal Aid Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012.
They include the offence of aggravated knife possession. Anyone who uses a knife or offensive weapon to threaten and endanger others will face a mandatory custodial sentence.
Additionally, a "two strikes and out" rule will see offenders being given a mandatory life sentence if they commit a second serious offence for crimes such as rape, armed robbery and inflicting grievous bodily harm.
More top news
The Chancellor will present his Autumn Statement and Spending Review to the House of Commons on Wednesday.
The shocking video of Laquan McDonald being killed brings the debate about racism in the US criminal justice system centre stage once more.
A video of a white police officer shooting dead a black teenager has been released by authorities in Chicago.