Tough new jail sentences for knife-wielding attackers and other serious criminals come into force today.
The "two strikes and out" rule will see offenders given life terms if they commit a second serious offence for crimes such as rape, armed robbery and inflicting grievous bodily harm.
It is part of a series of new sentences and criminal offences that have been introduced in the Legal Aid Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012.
The Justice Secretary Chris Grayling said: "Criminals should be in no doubt they will be punished for their crimes, with those who commit the most serious offences receiving the most severe sentences.
More top news
The complex mix of marketing, merchandising and psychology that sees shoppers parting with £360,000 a minute in the UK's shops.
The Black Friday madness got started early with police called to deal with hordes of frenzied bargain-hunters across the UK.
Paul Kohler, who was set on by four Polish men, said the attack was a thuggery issue, not an immigration problem.