The Association of Train Operating Companies (Atoc) chief executive Michael Roberts said: "Fare rises are determined largely by Government policy, and the Chancellor confirmed the Government's approach for next year in the Autumn Statement.
"Railway funding can only come from the taxpayer or from the passenger, and the Government's policy remains that a bigger share must come from people who use the train.
"We know nobody likes paying more for their journey, especially to go to work. Train companies will continue working with the rest of the industry to become more cost efficient, helping to take the pressure off future fare rises."
More top news
Here's my best go at explaining how George Osborne magicked away his tax credits headache.
A baby boy was found abandoned in a church's nativity manger with his umbilical cord still attached.
At least 30 people, mainly patients, were killed when US forces began firing at the facility "mistakenly" thinking it was a Taliban base.