Nepal's decade-long civil war claimed 16,000 lives and displaced 100,000 people.
The conflict was between Maoist rebels trying to overthrow the country's ruling monarch and the national army. There are allegations of human rights allegations on both sides.
The Maoists ended the conflict in 2006 under a peace deal with the government and won a general election in 2008.
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The BBC contends there was a ‘legitimate public interest’ in its coverage and is vigorously defending the case.
Judges at the European Court of Human Rights have refused to intervene in the life-support treatment fight.
Supporters of Mark Meechan, including former English Defence League leader Tommy Robinson, were at court for the hearing.