Oxfam says that some 670,000 people have left Syria since the crisis began in March 2011 but numbers have risen recently. In Jordan alone, the number of people crossing daily trebled in the past week.
The cold weather has seen an increase in the number of those suffering respiratory infections and pneumonia, according to the aid agency, which is distributing mattresses, blankets, heaters and gas oil to help new arrivals.
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Through the day, most of the cloud should break up to leave fine conditions for many with spells of sunshine.
The Eiffel Tower in Paris was plunged into darkness, with the Burj Khalifa in Dubia emblazoned with the Union Jack.
The major party leaders' campaigns for the General Election will remain suspended on Wednesday following the Manchester terror attack.