This episode revealed substantial problems of governance, assurance, policy and resources inside the Department for Transport.
Embarking on an ambitious, perhaps unachievable, reform of franchising, in haste, on the UK's most complex piece of railway was an irresponsible decision for which ministers were ultimately responsible. This was compounded by major failures by civil servants, some of whom misled ministers.
Many of the problems with the franchise competition, detailed in the Laidlaw report, reflect very badly on civil servants at the DfT. However, ministers approved a complex, perhaps unworkable, franchising policy at the same time as overseeing major cuts to the Department's resources. This was a recipe for failure which the DfT must learn from urgently.
More top news
The average Brit spends almost ten years of their lives in front of the television, research has suggested.
Five different recipes of prostate cancer have been identified, with major implications for the way the disease is treated.
Nigel Farage will press "no" campaigners to make a positive case for the UK's EU exit to boost their chances of referendum success.