This episode revealed substantial problems of governance, assurance, policy and resources inside the Department for Transport.
Embarking on an ambitious, perhaps unachievable, reform of franchising, in haste, on the UK's most complex piece of railway was an irresponsible decision for which ministers were ultimately responsible. This was compounded by major failures by civil servants, some of whom misled ministers.
Many of the problems with the franchise competition, detailed in the Laidlaw report, reflect very badly on civil servants at the DfT. However, ministers approved a complex, perhaps unworkable, franchising policy at the same time as overseeing major cuts to the Department's resources. This was a recipe for failure which the DfT must learn from urgently.
More top news
Britain's top tennis star Andy Murray will continue his bid to reclaim the Wimbledon crown today.
After a sweltering day, where temperatures reached a record high for July, the weather turned.
One of Britain's leading tour operators, Thomas Cook, has joined a growing push for changes to the way tourists receive security warnings.