The new pope has been chosen to be called Pope Francis.
Reuters reports that no pope has ever taken the name of Saint Francis of Assisi, the 13th century reformer who lived in poverty and told followers: "Preach the Gospel always, if necessary use words."
Your step-by-step guide to electing a new pope.
There are no swing states and no polls - all we can do is to watch the chimney for the smoke and wait for the answer, blowing in the wind.
Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church are gathering in Rome to elect a new pope. Here are some facts about the Papal conclave.