Independence could see Scottish parents benefit from a European style system of childcare with a far greater level of public subsidy, the country's First Minister said.
Alex Salmond said a "transformational shift" in this area should be one of the first acts of an independent Scotland.
He made the policy commitment as he delivered his key note speech to the Scottish National Party (SNP) spring conference in Inverness.
Mr Salmond hailed the measure as one of the reasons for voting to leave the UK in next year's referendum, describing it as "part of the why of independence".
More top news
Ted Robbins is "doing well" and is expected to be "fit and healthy soon" after collapsing on-stage during Phoenix Nights Live, his wife said
Doctors in India have carried out what is believed to be the world's first double hand transplant to be performed on a non-white patient.
Prince George is not only heir to Britain's throne, but a future long distance runner too, if his uncle has anything to do with it.