On March 27th 1963 the British Railways Board, chaired by Dr Richard Beeching, produced a report that called for the axing of 5,000 miles of train routes and more than 2,000 of the country's railway stations.
At that time railways were losing money and the report, 'Reshaping of British Railways', was ordered to save costs.
Between 1964 and 1970, 5,224 route miles and 1,434 stations were closed.
Although ultimately it was the politicians who decided on the cuts, many rail unions see Dr Beeching as the archetypal axeman.
To others he was the man hired to do a cost-saving job.
More top news
David Cameron hasn't repeated his migrant 'swarm' comment since his interview with ITV News, but he's likely to be reminded of it.
Breaking Bad fans can relive the adventures of Walter White - only with no actual drugs - thanks to a new novelty café in Turkey.
Migrants desperate to reach Britain from Calais have told how making the dangerous journey is their "last chance".