After a record cold March and the lowest recorded April temperature in the UK for a century just last week, the Met Office has told ITV News that the causes need to be investigated as a matter of urgency.
ITV News science editor Lawrence McGinty has made the rare journey to the heart of the Arctic to investigate the theory that shrinking sea ice levels are linked to record low temperatures in Britain:
Watch Lawrence McGinty's full report on ITV News at 6.30pm and 10pm tonight.
How do scientists survive -30 degrees temperatures at Barneo, the temporary camp set up on floating ice near the North Pole?
Arctic glaciers are melting faster than expected fuelling a rise in sea levels, which experts believe could cost the UK billions of pounds.
As new figures show the record cold weather is persisting into April, the Met Office says it will investigate if Arctic melting is to blame.