With a signature on a parchment of abdication and a kiss for her son, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands brought to an end her thirty three year rule - to the cheers of thousands of her people.
That son, now King Willem-Alexander, ushered in a new era and ushered his young family onto the palace balcony to even louder applause.
ITV News Europe Editor James Mates reports:
Colourful celebrations have taken over the streets of Amsterdam as Queen Beatrix abdicated after 33 years.
As Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands ends her 33-year reign and abdicates in favour of her son a look at the monarchies of Europe.