EDL leader Tommy Robinson told the demonstration: "This is a day of respect for our Armed Forces."
The crowd repeatedly chanted "coward" after he claimed Prime Minister David Cameron was on holiday "because he doesn't care".
Mr Robinson added: "They've had their Arab Spring. This is time for the English Spring."
More top news
Freezing temperatures, a biting wind and risk of snow into next week
Austerity and Brexit are dividing Britons and causing a "schism" in society, the Archbishop of Canterbury has warned.
A taxi driver has been suspended after inspectors found he was using a Costa Coffee lid as a fuel cap.