After the Trooping the Colour the King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery fired a 41-gun salute in Green Park to mark the Queen's official birthday.
The royals then gathered on the balcony at Buckingham Palace to watch the traditional RAF flypast.
Thousands of spectators crowded around the front of the palace and on The Mall, many cheering as a succession of planes roared overhead.
More top news
The first signs of autumn are appearing as the equinox marks the start of the season.
Fire services are spending thousands on the 25-stone models - nicknamed 'Barry' - to learn how to handle larger patients.
Ahmed Hassan, 18, has been charged with attempted murder and causing an explosion with intent to endanger life.