Councils across England have generated a total surplus of £565 million from parking charges, according to figures from the RAC Foundation.
The figures have been released just days after a judge ruled that Barnet council in north London acted illegally by using parking charges to raise revenue.
The study shows money generated from parking activities was up by £54 million between 2011 and 2012.
More top news
A sigh of relief across Westminster and a crushing sense of disappointment for 45% of Scotland, but Yes campaign could not have done more.
ITV Border Political Editor Peter MacMahon says we've just seen a emotional former SNP MSP appearing to concede that the Yes side has lost.
ITV Border Political Editor Peter MacMahon says it's far too early to call this referendum.