Councils across England have generated a total surplus of £565 million from parking charges, according to figures from the RAC Foundation.
The figures have been released just days after a judge ruled that Barnet council in north London acted illegally by using parking charges to raise revenue.
The study shows money generated from parking activities was up by £54 million between 2011 and 2012.
More top news
An ancient ocean on the surface of Mars held more liquid water than the Earth's Arctic Ocean, scientists believe.
Chelsea fans are at the centre of a new racism storm after video emerged of supporters mocking the recent racist incident on a Paris Metro.
NASA's Dawn probe is preparing to make an historic rendezvous with the dwarf planet Ceres.