The row over fracking in the UK started in Lancashire, when a small earthquake in Blackpool was linked to the controversial practice.
Fracking in that area stopped for technical reasons. Some local communities are keen that it does not return, whilst politicians want proper regulation to ensure its safety.
Science Editor Lawrence McGinty brought together local residents and experts to discuss the issue, which many communities across the UK are currently facing.
Green MP Caroline Lucas was among those arrested at a sit-in aimed at halting plans to drill for shale gas in a West Sussex village.
As campaigners in Balcombe begin a five-day camp in protest at fracking, supporter Tisha Brown tells ITV News why it's such a crucial issue.
The chief executive of Cuadrilla Resources, Francis Egan, told ITV News the company "will complete our approved work" at its Balcombe site.