Bradley Manning will be eligible for parole after serving one third of his sentence, which will be reduced by the time he has already served in prison plus 112 days.
Defence attorneys had not made a specific sentencing request but pleaded with Judge Colonel Denise Lind not to "rob him of his youth."
More top news
The UK's French ambassador, Sylvie Bermann said the destruction of the Calais 'Jungle' will encourage refugees to seek asylum in France.
Beatty is the first American to win the prestigious literary prize for his satirical novel, The Sellout.
Engineers are exploring greener technologies to help reduce the carbon emissions as aviation continues to expand.