Adolf Hitler's bodyguard Rochus Misch, who has died aged 96, wrote a 2008 memoir about his time with the Nazi leader.
Misch was one of the last people in the German leader's bunker as Soviet forces descended upon Berlin in 1945.
He recalled that on April 22, two days before Soviet armies completed their encirclement of the city, Hitler said: "That's it. The war is lost. Everybody can go."
Misch stayed on in the bunker as he was in charge of the telephones and said Hitler had clung to a report - which turned out to be false - that Western Allies had called on Germany to hold Berlin so they could fight communism together.
"He still believed in a union between West and East," Misch said. "Hitler liked England - except for (then-Prime Minister Winston) Churchill - and didn't think that a people like the English would bind themselves with the communists to crush Germany."
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