As many as 66,000 women in England and Wales have endured genital mutilation, and 23,000 girls under the age of 15 are classified "at risk", according to new figures out today.
A report, written by experts from the Royal College of Midwives (RCM), the Royal College of Nursing (RCN), the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, human rights organisation Equality Now and union Unite, said the UK's response to the problem was inadequate.
There is a growing consensus that the system is failing to protect girls from FGM and more needs to be done in the UK to intervene early in a child's life, and to safeguard those girls at risk. Girls at risk of FGM are not receiving adequate protection from harm.
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Some children, particularly those who have been more directly affected, may show symptoms of stress and trauma.
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The threat level has been raised to critical by MI5's Counter-Terrorism Analysis Centre.