Nelson Mandela spent almost 27 years of his life behind bars, breaking rocks in a quarry on Robben Island and sleeping in a cell measuring six by eight feet.
His time in prison had a huge impact on his family and his first marriage, but it also changed the lives of his fellow prisoners and even his guards.
James Mates reports on Mandela's long walk to freedom:
Nelson Mandela's first ever television interview was given to ITN reporter Brian Widlake in May 1961.
Former ITV News presenter Sir Trevor McDonald was the first journalist to interview Nelson Mandela after his release from prison in 1990.
Nelson Mandela was a towering figure of utter integrity who will be remembered as the greatest African.