Croatia defender Josip Simunic will miss the World Cup after being banned for 10 matches by FIFA for shouting a fascist chant following his team's play-off victory over Iceland last month.
Mr Simunic shouted a Croatian chant that was used during World War II by the fascist “Ustaše” movement.
He has also been ordered to pay a fine of 30,000 Swiss francs (£20,700) and banned from entering the stadium during for any of the country's matches.
"The committee agreed that this salute was discriminatory and offended the dignity of a group of persons concerning, inter alia, race, religion or origin," a FIFA statement said.
Croatia Football Federation executive chairman Damir Vrbanovic suggested Mr Simunic was being made an example of in order to send a message to others.
"We are shocked by the decision of FIFA with regard to penalties for Simunic, which endangers the player's representative career," he said