The AA has hit out at councils who use parking charges to bring in extra cash, calling it "no surprise" the four authorities making the most money are in London.
The care insurer's President Edmund King blamed CCTV for helping some councils "ramp up" parking charges.
It is no surprise that certain London boroughs are top of the parking profit league.
Use of CCTV enforcement has mass produced parking tickets and some councils still ramp up parking charges to the detriment of local trade.
The large majority of AA members in our polls say the cost of parking has big influence on where they visit.
More top news
Three women and three girls were reportedly shot dead because they were trailing 100 metres behind IS fighters.
Building a third runway at Heathrow was the most controversial of the three expansion options, so why is it going ahead?
The body of toddler Norma Dale was found dumped on wasteland near her home in 1946 with one of her red shoes missing.