The Football Association said its Independent Regulatory Commission found Nicolas Anelka guilty of an "aggravated breach" of its rules because the gesture "included a reference to ethnic origin and/or race and/or religion or belief."
But the commission added:
...we did not find that Nicolas Anelka is an anti-Semite or that he intended to express or promote Anti-Semitism by his use of the quenelle.
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A report published by the Boundary Commission for England details plans to reduce the number of MPs by scrapping 50 constituencies.
The slump will spark scrutiny, especially as statistics show a rise in racially or religiously motivated offences following the EU vote.
The 53-year-old was killed shortly after leaving her home in Mosta, Prime Minister Joseph Muscat said.