Very generous speech from Merkel. What would have happened to Europe if the UK had not stood up for freedom, sometimes alone, she says.
And she notably seems to blame the Germans for the First World War, as well as the second.
Angela Merkel also repeated Winston Churchill's famous quote: "To improve is to change; to be perfect is to change often."
More top news
The Queen was in reflective mood this Christmas, choosing reconciliation as her theme and taking a quite direct personal approach.
Quickly turning cold this evening with a widespread frost developing under clear skies, some fog patches too.
The Queen says she is "deeply touched" by the "selflessness" of medical staff fighting the Ebola outbreak in her annual Christmas speech.