A probe by the Air Accidents Investigation Branch found that a Bond Super Puma suffered a "catastrophic failure" of its main rotor gearbox before it crashed into the North Sea, killing 16 men.
The AAIB report said that the gearbox failure caused the main rotor on the AS332-L2 model to break away and its "tail boom" was severed from the fuselage.
A Fatal Accident Inquiry, which will publish its findings today, focused largely on maintenance carried out on the helicopter's gearbox in the weeks and months before the tragedy.
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Cooler and fresher across the UK over the next few days.
The prime minister was shouted at as she left the scene of the tragedy in which at least 79 people died.
Father-of-six Makram Ali, 51, was already receiving medical treatment as the attack unfolded. He died from multiple injuries, police say.