Europe is "under increasing threat" from global energy prices as their fossil fuel stock dry up, experts have warned.
Dr Aled Jones, director of the institute, said:
– Dr Aled Jones
These maps show vulnerability in many parts of the EU and they paint a picture of heavily-indebted European economies coming under increasing threat from rising global energy prices.
It is vital that those shaping Europe's future political agenda understand our existing economic fragility.
The EU is becoming ever more reliant on our resource-rich neighbours such as Russia and Norway, and this trend will only continue unless decisive action is taken.