The underfunding of transport projects outside London in recent years "cannot be allowed to continue", says a report from MPs.
Ministers must use the new funding arrangements for local projects to "ensure that there is a fairer allocation of funding", said the report from the House of Commons Transport Committee.
"No area across our nation should be second class in relation to the allocation of transport infrastructure funds," the MPs said.
The report looked into new arrangements, from 2015, for local decisions on transport spending.
More top news
Vote Leave launch £50m competition you can win if you successfully predict every single match in the European Championships.
Police are looking for more than 30 men on suspicion of rape and of posting a video of the attack on social media.
Barack Obama laid a wreath for the victims of the Hiroshima atomic bombing of 1945 in the first presidential visit by the US.