The royal family gathered on the balcony at Buckingham Palace to watch the traditional RAF flypast marking the Queen's official birthday.
Among the 28 aircraft which buzzed over the Palace were Spitfires and a Lancaster bomber of the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight and a DC3 Dacota with D-Day stripes.
The historical planes were followed by modern Typhoon fighter jets, the Red Arrows aerobatic team and the RAF's largest transport aircraft, Voyager.
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