The average homeowner will pay almost £12,000 in stamp duty over the course of a lifetime of climbing the UK property ladder, research from a High Street bank found.
Lloyds Bank said the average homeowner faces paying £11,782 in stamp duty, on top of the cost of buying a house.
As people typically spend just under eight years living in a property, the research assumed that a home owner had bought their first property in 1998, their second in 2006 and their third in 2014.
The rigid "slab" structure of stamp duty has been strongly criticised, particularly as surging house prices have pushed more homes into higher tax brackets.
More top news
A collection on cricketers have given their backing to Sean Abbott, the man who bowled the ball that struck Phil Hughes.
Batsman Phil Hughes died after a "catastrophic" head injury caused by a cricket ball splitting a major artery at the base of his neck.
Three men who risked their lives to help save hundreds of dogs trapped by a fire said they did not even think about their own safety.