An estimated 170,000 women and girls in the UK have been subjected to FGM, according to a report from MPs.
The Home Affairs committee also found:
- In two London boroughs almost one in 10 girls are born to mothers who have suffered the procedure and are therefore themselves at risk.
- FGM is most commonly carried out on girls between the ages of five and eight.
- In some cases it is carried out by a health professional, but is more commonly undertaken by a traditional practitioner with no formal training, without anaesthetic, using knives, scissors or even pieces of glass.
- The committee said there was still very little information on the girls most at risk.
- The immediate effects can include severe pain, bleeding, shock, infection and occasionally death.
- In the long term, many women and girls experience mental health problems, such as depression and post-traumatic stress.
- Police in the UK have investigated more than 200 cases over the last five years.
More top news
A main road in Birmingham is set to remain closed for the entirety of Sunday due to a "very serious" crash.
It will be a frosty start for many across the UK with slow-clearing mist and fog across parts of central and southeastern England.
The prime minister says she has proven the "doubters" wrong but still faces opposition from both sides of the Brexit line.