An estimated 170,000 women and girls in the UK have been subjected to FGM, according to a report from MPs.
The Home Affairs committee also found:
- In two London boroughs almost one in 10 girls are born to mothers who have suffered the procedure and are therefore themselves at risk.
- FGM is most commonly carried out on girls between the ages of five and eight.
- In some cases it is carried out by a health professional, but is more commonly undertaken by a traditional practitioner with no formal training, without anaesthetic, using knives, scissors or even pieces of glass.
- The committee said there was still very little information on the girls most at risk.
- The immediate effects can include severe pain, bleeding, shock, infection and occasionally death.
- In the long term, many women and girls experience mental health problems, such as depression and post-traumatic stress.
- Police in the UK have investigated more than 200 cases over the last five years.
More top news
Sleet and snow for some parts of Scotland. Elsewhere in the UK will be cold, cloudy and with some showers.
At least 52 people have been killed after a fight broke out between two rival drugs gangs in a Mexico prison.
Lord Coe has accused Nestle of hypocrisy following its decision to withdraw sponsorship from the IAAF Kids' Athletics Programme.