Shadow business minister Liam Byrne is to say that it is almost three times more difficult to win a Rolls-Royce apprenticeship than a place at Oxford.
In a speech outlining the need to create a better vocational track to degree level professional and technical skills, he will pledge a "new way forward" that is "pro-company and pro-worker".
Labour claims securing an apprenticeship is now twice as hard as getting a place at university.
According to figures obtained from the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, the number of apprenticeship starts by under-25s has fallen by more than 11,000 under the coalition Government.
More top news
The NHS is at "breaking point" with declining numbers of beds compounding the situation, according to the British Medical Association.
Donald Trump's ambiguous phrase "what's happening in Sweden" during a rally on Saturday was a reference to a Fox News story, he has claimed.
Donald Trump's revised immigration ban targets the same seven Muslim majority countries listed in his original executive order, sources say.