A new blood test based on 10 "biomarker" proteins will make it possible to test new treatments at an early stage of Alzheimer's progression.
Writing in the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia, researchers from King's College London describe how they investigated 26 proteins previously associated with Alzheimer's disease.
They analysed blood samples from 476 confirmed Alzheimer's patients, 220 individuals with "mild cognitive impairment" (MCI) who experienced occasional memory loss, and 450 healthy elderly people.
In the vast majority of cases, memory lapses do not lead to Alzheimer's. But the researchers identified 10 blood proteins that appeared in 87% of MCI patients diagnosed with the disease within a year.
More top news
Sir Bruce Forsyth, Sir Cliff Richard and the Prime Minister have been among those paying tribute to Cilla Black following news of her death.
TV favourite Cilla Black, who has died aged 72, gave viewers a "lorra, lorra laughs" during her long career.
Some rain in the north. Very warm sunshine in the south