Campaign groups have lined up in opposition to fracking as the bidding process for licences gets underway, with claims that the process is bad for the environment and unsafe to the public.
Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth say plans to protect National Parks will not quieten protesters, adding that communities should be offered the same safeguards.
Today the risk of fracking has spread. This threat to the environment and public health could now affect millions more people.
Ministers waited until the parliamentary recess to make their move, no doubt aware of the political headache this will cause to MPs whose constituencies will be affected.
More top news
Owners must also prove they have something to pick up dog mess with under new rules imposed by one council.
The former prime minister made the comments as he prepares to return to politics saying he wants to be "part of the debate" on Brexit.
The new measures would mirror childcare vouchers and see workers sacrifice some of their salary to benefit.