Undercover police officers who allegedly had relationships with women activists in groups they infiltrated have for the first time been named by the Metropolitan Police.
Last month High Court judge Mr Justice Bean ruled the Met could not use its policy of ''neither confirm nor deny'' (NCND) in response to damages claims brought by women who said they were tricked into forming relationships with undercover officers.
But after the judge issued the force an ultimatum, the identities of the officers have been disclosed in court papers filed as part of the force's defence to the civil claims, the Met confirmed today.
A spokesman for the Met said: "In compliance with the order of Mr Justice Bean the MPS has confirmed in its defence that Jim Boyling and Bob Lambert were undercover police officers."
The women are among a number of people who want compensation for emotional trauma allegedly caused by officers infiltrating environmental activist groups.