Aid agencies and the UN Refugee agency have said that increasing numbers of families are arriving in a shocking state, exhausted, scared and with their savings depleted after fleeing their homes. Most have been on the run for a year or more, fleeing from village to village before taking the final decision to leave.
There are worrying signs too that the journey out of Syria is becoming tougher, with many people forced to pay bribes at armed checkpoints proliferating along the borders. Refugees crossing the desert into eastern Jordan are being forced to pay smugglers hefty sums - US$100 (£60) a head or more - to take them to safety
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Teenage schoolchildren who use e-cigarettes dramatically increase their chances of graduating to tobacco, research has shown.