Arrangements for serious emergencies in Wales are sometimes unclear, with some services also facing an uncertain future - according to the Auditor General for Wales.
A report examined the sufficiency of arrangements for emergency planning and response in Wales, and how the Welsh Government supports the emergency services involved.
It found the Welsh Government provides 'highly effective' support for the emergency services that respond to civil incidents, such as flooding or explosions, but it's co-ordinating role should be clearer.
Powers for civil emergencies are not devolved, with some unsure whether to look to the Welsh or UK Government for guidance in a civil emergency.
It also found that a question mark hangs over the future of arrangements in place to protect the public due to spending cuts.
Local authorities spent £4 million on emergency planning in 2010-11, but the report found spending is not always prioritised to the areas at highest risk from emergency. Local authorities may direct their spending to other priorities.
Future spending cuts are also likely to have a big impact on emergency services, with the police and fire and rescue services alone planning to reduce overall spending by just over £100 million in the four years to 2014-15.
The report follows a series of floods in Wales - notably in St Asaph, when the River Elwy burst its banks.
Emergency services were praised by the Auditor General for how they handled the incident.
The Welsh Government says it will consider the report.