1. ITV Report

Afghanistan: An Afghan family gives their perspective of the conflict

The Shirzai family moved from Afghanistan to settle in Cardiff Photo: ITV Wales

The NATO summit in Newport comes as the alliance is coming to the end of a long mission in Afghanistan. It will be an opportunity for NATO to consider its success and look to the future.

I've been to meet one Afghan family, which has settled in Cardiff to find out their thoughts about NATO's intervention in their homeland, how safe it is there now, and what they make of British troops leaving.

Watch Andrea's report here:

Nazir Shirzai fled Afghanistan with his family 13 years ago. They've made their home in Roath and they run a flourishing furniture business. But Nazir still remembers the human rights abuses they endured under violent Taliban rule.

A man couldn't go out without long beard up to here they measure it and if it was less than that much they beat them, they put themselves in jail.

– Nazir Shirzai

Since NATO's invasion, they told me they have seen their homeland improve. His daughter, 22 year-old Muzghan, explained how human rights have changed particularly for women.

In the last ten years the women have been free to express themselves -they've been free to educate themselves. The simplest things as just getting dressed the way you want to be presented.

– Muzghan Shirzai
The Shirzai family say their home country has changed dramatically since NATO's intervention Credit: ITV News Wales

But peace and stability in Afghanistan are fragile. The recent election's produced no unified government and trouble is escalating.

Nazir’s 21 year-old son, Mateen Shirzai, video calls his wife Narges whenever he can. She's still living in Afghanistan waiting for a visa to join him in Wales.

When the two of them spoke whilst we were filming she told Mateen they are all in fear and they are not sure where and when a suicide bomb could happen.

British troops will begin to withdraw from Afghanistan by the end of the year Credit: ITV News Wales

It's been a long, difficult and costly mission in Afghanistan. If those closest to the country remain so unsure about its future, I wanted to know where that leaves NATO.

I went to meet Dr Bela Arora – International Security Expert at the University of South Wales - and asked her if there will be more picking and choosing by NATO now when it comes to intervention.

Dr Bela Arora is an International Security Expert at the University of South Wales Credit: ITV Wales

I think we're going to be moving away from that idea of more of an interventionist stance and that's for a few reasons. First of all there is no or very little public appetite. But also we need to remember we need to respect the sovereignty of individual countries.

We are going to see NATO reassess its raison d'être. I think now we are going to see that change in the alliance to something that’s more about facilitation and support.

– Dr Bela Arora, International Security Expert

In Roath, Mateen and his family must hope the next time they speak, his wife is still safe from harm. Meanwhile he remains constantly mindful of her. He sets his watch to Afghanistan time so he is always aware of where she is and what she’s doing. A small comfort to him in a chaotic world.

Watch the extended interview with Dr Bela Arora:

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