The Electoral Reform Society Cymru sent surveys to politicians across Wales and 250 responded with their experiences:
The Electoral Reform Society(ERS) Cymru says a majority of female politicians say they have suffered harassment or abuse.
Of the 266 respondents to the survey, 121 said they had been abused or harassed either in office or while campaigning, which includes 54% of female respondents.
As well as the abuse and harassment, the ERS Cymru says the reality of being a politician was found to be a barrier to politics with the effects on family life being a major factor, particularly for councillors who often have to balance part or full time jobs with their duties in addition to caring for family members.
The financial implications of becoming a candidate were also found to be a barrier to many who might consider standing.