Craig Bellamy has been charged with violent conduct by the Football Association after the Cardiff forward's clash with Swansea midfielder Jonathan de Guzman in Saturday's south Wales derby.
Bellamy appeared to catch the Dutchman with his arm as he ran past him during the second half of Swansea's 3-0 victory.
The incident was not seen by referee Andre Marriner and his fellow officials, and an FA statement read: "Cardiff City's Craig Bellamy has been charged by The FA for violent conduct following an incident which was not seen by the match officials but caught on video."
Bellamy has until 6pm on Tuesday to respond to the charge.
Wales have risen eight places in the latest FIFA world rankings, after a strong finish to their World Cup qualifying campaign.
Chris Coleman's side beat Macedonia 1-0 at home on Friday, and drew 1-1 away at Belgium on Tuesday.
Wales are now joint 44th, with Japan - having moved ahead of the likes of Norway and Tunisia, but behind Mali, the Cape Verde Islands and Hungary.
They have though been leapfrogged by Scotland, who moved up to 35th after beating Croatia.
That meant Scotland finished fourth in their qualifying group, ahead of Wales in fifth, and Macedonia in sixth.
England are tenth in the rankings, the Republic of Ireland 60th, and Northern Ireland 90th.
Craig Bellamy has spoken about the emotion of hearing the Welsh national anthem before playing for his country for the last time, against Belgium on Tuesday night.
The 34-year-old said: "I hadn't thought too much about it being my last game, but then it probably sunk in during the national anthem because I knew it would be the last time I would ever be in that position as a player."
"The anthem is something that leaves me speechless to say what it means. It's important to me, something I cherish. So it did hit home a little bit then that I'm never going to be this side of things ever again, but I've enjoyed every second of it."
"To reach 78 caps, with the injuries I've had over the years, is special to me."
Bellamy made his international debut back in 1998, but has not ever qualified for a major finals with Wales.
He has been linked with becoming manager of his country one day.
As the Cardiff City forward ended his international career, 16-year-old Liverpool winger Harry Wilson began his, setting a new record as Wales' youngest ever player.
Bellamy said: "I think he's a talent, I think he's going to do well in the years to come."
"I take an interest because he's my boy's age, it's one of those. It probably brought home a little bit how old I really am!"
Craig Bellamy had the perfect send-off in helping an injury-hit Wales to a brave draw against a Belgium side fancied to the win the World Cup, according to his manager.
34-year-old Bellamy - a former Wales captain - set up last night's skipper Aaron Ramsey to score a late equaliser, on his final appearance for his country.
Chris Coleman reserved praise for both Bellamy and Ramsey.
"It was an ideal way for Craig to sign off", he said.
"That's twice in four days he has played that last pass for us to score a goal and I am pleased for Aaron too, his contribution to this camp has been immense."
Chris Coleman does not expect his future as Wales manager to be decided for at least another month, despite ending a disappointing World Cup qualifying campaign with victory over Macedonia, and a draw in Belgium.
"If I had lost these two games, I wouldn't have been expecting to have been told I wasn't the man to take us forward", Coleman said. "Equally, two great results does not mean I expect to be told I am the man to take us forward."
Last night's 1-1 draw in Brussels could prove to be the 43-year-old's last competitive game in charge, with his contact up after a friendly against Finland in Cardiff a month away today, and talks with the Football Association of Wales over an extension having stalled.
"I'm the same manager as I was last month. I never plan differently but, ultimately, it's about results. My contract ends in November and we have a friendly against Finland next month and we will talk about it then."
"I just wanted our players to end the campaign strongly and we have finished in the right manner. It's not something you give up lightly, being manager of your country."
The Daily Post has the headline 'Ramsey to the rescue' after his late equaliser in Brussels last night. The 87th minute goal was assisted by Cardiff City's Craig Bellamy who made his final international appearance to earn the visitors a well-deserved 1-1 draw.
16-year-old Harry Wilson received his first international cap to make him the youngest ever player to represent Wales.
WalesOnline and the Western Mail front page show Chris Coleman's delight at the side's draw, with a picture of him celebrating on the sideline after Aaron Ramsey's equaliser. The paper says despite a difficult campaign, Wales has given the nation 'hope of a brighter future'.
South Wales Evening Post says the Wales team were 'massive underdogs' but showed 'immense commitment' to cause the draw with Belgium. It claims Chris Coleman will now surely be offered the two-year contract extension the Football Association of Wales had previously been stalling on.
BBC Sport claims Chris Coleman 'awaits his fate' and doesn't expect his future as Wales manager to be settled in the aftermath of last night's game.
Aaron Ramsey struck a late equaliser to stun Group A winners Belgium in Brussels and boost Wales manager Chris Coleman's hopes of keeping his job.
Wales had shown brave resistance but they looked to be subsiding to another defeat when Kevin De Bruyne seized on an error from debutant James Wilson to fire Belgium ahead.
But skipper Ramsey was picked out by Craig Bellamy, on his 78th and final Wales appearance, and slid the ball under Thibaut Courtois to earn the visitors a hard-earned point.
Wales are travelling to Brussels to fight for third place in the World Cup qualifying 2014.
Chris Coleman's squad have missed the chance to go through to the World Cup but could still land a spot in the table if they secure a win.
Speaking at a press conference following the team's win against Macedonia, Coleman said they will be 'tested from the first minute to the ninetieth in every area on the pitch' against Belgium this evening.
Macedonia will have to defeat Serbia before Chris Coleman's squad will have any chance of placing third in the standings.
Gareth Bale will sit out of the match still facing injuries while the game will mark Craig Bellamy's last international football.
Belgium have already qualified but are still putting forward a strong line up for the clash against Wales.