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'Unique' health centre opens in Swansea

The centre has opened in Gorseinon Credit: Dean Thomas

A unique 'one-stop shop' for lower limb care is being opened on a village high street in Swansea this weekend.

Crossroads Clinic is one of the first of its kind to offer treatments such as podiatry and diabetic foot care all under one roof. Wales has one of the highest rates of diabetes in the UK.

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Cardiff scientist: type 2 diabetes is now common amongst the 'relatively young'

We have known for some time that the incidence of new cases and prevalence of the total number of people with type 2 diabetes has been increasing in the UK.

We also know that there has been an increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. This is thought to be dependent on many factors such as obesity, diet and family history amongst many other factors.

By analysing routine NHS data we've managed to confirm this and show an increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the UK population, matched by an overall decrease in the average age of diagnosis.

We also found that the incidence of type 2 diabetes was higher for males after the ages of 40 and slightly higher for females aged under 40

Irrespective of the causes, the results show that over the last twenty years, type 2 diabetes can now be considered common amongst relatively young people, which could have major implications for greater health problems in later life.

– Professor Craig Currie, Cardiff University

Cardiff study finds increase in type 2 diabetes cases in younger people

Researchers at Cardiff University have found a sharp increase in the number of young people being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes Credit: David Parry/PA Wire

Researchers from Cardiff University have found that the number of younger people being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has risen sharply over the past 20 years.

The research, published in the Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism journal, looked at data showing the number of newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes between 1991 and 2010.

The Cardiff team found a significant increase in the overall number of new cases and a marked increase among younger people aged 40 and under.

The research also found that more women under the age of 40 had type 2 diabetes than men in the same age group.

'We face a public health disaster' over diabetes

Given that diabetes is serious and can lead to early death if not supported to manage their condition, it is extremely worrying that so few people have it under control.

When you consider that there are now three million people [around the UK] diagnosed with diabetes and this number is rising quickly, the fact that so many of them do not have good control over their diabetes means that unless something changes we face a public health disaster.

– Barbara Young, Chief Executive, Diabetes UK

Vast majority don't have diabetes 'under control'

The charity Diabetes UK has warned of a 'public health disaster' as people's diabetes is not under control. Credit: PA

Only 18.5 percent of people in Wales with diabetes have the condition under control, a charity has warned.

Fewer people here are managing their diabetes properly than across the border in England, where the rate is 19.9%, according to Diabetes UK.

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Cardiff University scientists lead Type 1 diabetes trial

People living with Type 1 diabetes in Wales could be given a life-changing vaccine, thanks to a clincial trial which will take place at Cardiff University.

It's a rare form of the condition which is not related to lifestyle and can cause other health complications.

It's becoming increasingly common and those with diabetes have to inject insulin for life.

David Wood reports.

Cardiff diabetes experts 'hope to find cure' for Type 1

Experts say preventing Type 1 diabetes could 'one day become a reality' if clinical trials of a new 'vaccine' prove successful.

We believe that this immune-based therapy can slow or stop the body from damaging its own insulin-making cells in the pancreas. Research to date shows that the treatment is safe, but we are in the early days and need to learn more about how it works in people with newly-diagnosed Type 1 diabetes. If effective, we can develop further treatments for individuals who are at risk of developing this type of diabetes later in life.

Our ultimate hope is to find a cure for Type 1 diabetes.

– Colin Dayan, Professor of Clinical Diabetes and Metabolism

Cardiff experts in pioneering Type 1 diabetes research

Cardiff University researchers are among a team of experts working on a new 'vaccine' aiming to slow or halt the process that destroys the insulin-making cells in Type 1 diabetes.

Researchers say if clinical trials prove successful it will improve quality of life for those with the condition and could bring experts a step closer to a cure.

Type 1 diabetes usually occurs in childhood when a patient's immune system attacks the body's own insulin-making cells.

Unlike Type 2, it is not linked to poor diet or obesity.

Long-term, diabetes can lead to complications including blindness and amputation.

  • More than 160,000 people in Wales - almost 5% of the population - have been diagnosed with diabetes, although the true figure is believed to be higher as the condition can remain undiagnosed
  • An estimated 5-10% of these have Type 1
  • Type 1 is on the increase in the UK - particularly in children
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