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Diabetes Awareness Week focusing on research

The theme of Diabetes Awareness Week 2013 is ‘Diabetes Research: Be part of the story’, celebrating the series of breakthroughs in diabetes research.

It’s fantastic that so many people are helping to raise money and awareness during Diabetes Week. But we are working to improve the lives of all people in Wales living with diabetes every single day. To help us to do this we want people in Wales who are affected by diabetes to tell us about the standards of care and treatment they or their loved ones receive.

– Dai Williams, Diabetes UK Cymru

'Diabetes vaccine' trialled in Cardiff offers hope

More than 160,000 people in Wales have been diagnosed with diabetes and it's believed there could be thousands more not yet diagnosed Credit: Hugo Philpott/PA Wire

As Diabetes Awareness Week begins today, a 'diabetes vaccine' is undergoing clinical trials at the University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, in the hope that it might eventually lead to a cure.

Scientists are working to develop a vaccine to slow or halt the autoimmune process that destroys the insulin-making cells in Type 1 diabetes.

More than 160,000 people in Wales have been diagnosed with diabetes - nearly five per cent of the population.

It is estimated that 66,000 more could have the condition but have not yet been diagnosed.


Cardiff scientist: type 2 diabetes is now common amongst the 'relatively young'

We have known for some time that the incidence of new cases and prevalence of the total number of people with type 2 diabetes has been increasing in the UK.

We also know that there has been an increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. This is thought to be dependent on many factors such as obesity, diet and family history amongst many other factors.

By analysing routine NHS data we've managed to confirm this and show an increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the UK population, matched by an overall decrease in the average age of diagnosis.

We also found that the incidence of type 2 diabetes was higher for males after the ages of 40 and slightly higher for females aged under 40

Irrespective of the causes, the results show that over the last twenty years, type 2 diabetes can now be considered common amongst relatively young people, which could have major implications for greater health problems in later life.

– Professor Craig Currie, Cardiff University

Cardiff study finds increase in type 2 diabetes cases in younger people

Researchers at Cardiff University have found a sharp increase in the number of young people being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes Credit: David Parry/PA Wire

Researchers from Cardiff University have found that the number of younger people being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has risen sharply over the past 20 years.

The research, published in the Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism journal, looked at data showing the number of newly diagnosed cases of type 2 diabetes between 1991 and 2010.

The Cardiff team found a significant increase in the overall number of new cases and a marked increase among younger people aged 40 and under.

The research also found that more women under the age of 40 had type 2 diabetes than men in the same age group.


'We face a public health disaster' over diabetes

Given that diabetes is serious and can lead to early death if not supported to manage their condition, it is extremely worrying that so few people have it under control.

When you consider that there are now three million people [around the UK] diagnosed with diabetes and this number is rising quickly, the fact that so many of them do not have good control over their diabetes means that unless something changes we face a public health disaster.

– Barbara Young, Chief Executive, Diabetes UK

Vast majority don't have diabetes 'under control'

The charity Diabetes UK has warned of a 'public health disaster' as people's diabetes is not under control. Credit: PA

Only 18.5 percent of people in Wales with diabetes have the condition under control, a charity has warned.

Fewer people here are managing their diabetes properly than across the border in England, where the rate is 19.9%, according to Diabetes UK.

Cardiff University scientists lead Type 1 diabetes trial

People living with Type 1 diabetes in Wales could be given a life-changing vaccine, thanks to a clincial trial which will take place at Cardiff University.

It's a rare form of the condition which is not related to lifestyle and can cause other health complications.

It's becoming increasingly common and those with diabetes have to inject insulin for life.

David Wood reports.

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