Shadow Welsh Secretary Owen Smith said the legacy of pit closures is still felt in former mining communities.
Today marks the centenary of the UK's worst mining disaster
South Wales coal miners are celebrating the sixty fifth anniversary of a hotel set up to offer them respite and recuperation from injury.
Bill Richards was at the scene of the Cambrian mining disaster in Clydach Vale in 1965, in which 31 miners were killed.
Here, he talks to ITV News about his memories of the disaster.
A group of schoolchildren released black balloons this morning to commemorate the 100-year anniversary of the Senghenydd mining disaster.
The balloons were a tribute to the 439 miners killed in the Universal Colliery at Senghenydd in 1913.
Just heard the hooter go off at 8.10am like it did 100 years ago 439 miners lost their lives in the biggest pit disaster ??
Had shivers hearing the hooter from sneg #ripminers
The sound of the original Universal Colliery Pit hooter has rung out across the Aber Valley this morning.
It's to remember the 439 miners who died at Senghenydd, Britain's worst mining disaster, 100 years ago today.
Follow @Senghenydd1913 for real-time updates of the explosion.
All 950 men of the day shift are now underground. The Banksman & winders turn their attention to bringing up coal & sending down supplies
The sound of a terrific explosion echoes down the Aber Valley
Alerted by the explosion, crowds begin to gather at the pithead waiting for news & to offer assistance
The organisers of the Wales National Mining Memorial are tweeting real-time updates of the Senghenydd mining disaster.
An explosion killed 439 miners and one rescue worker on 14 October 1913.
Events to mark the centenary are taking place at Senghenydd today including an unveiling of a national memorial to remember all victims of mining disasters in Wales.
Wayne Thomas is the South Wales General Secretary for the National Union of Mineworkers.
He said it is "wonderful that there is a National Mining Memorial being erected in Wales - at last."
"It is really important to remember where we have come from."
Both Hilary Barbrook's grandfathers were killed in the explosion at the Universal Colliery in Senghenydd on 14 October 1913.
A memorial to all of the victims of Wales' mining disasters will be unveiled today, 100 years to the day since the Senghenydd Colliery Disaster.
439 miners, and one rescue worker, were killed at the Universal Colliery in Senghenydd on 14 October 1913.
The Wales National Mining Memorial and Gardens will be unveiled in Senghenydd at lunchtime.
It features a path, with tiles each dedicated to the 198 mining disasters that have happened across Wales.
More than 5,000 people have died in those disaster over the last 250 years; more than 1,000 in the last 100 years.
There is also a tile acknowledging the lives lost in other mining explosions and tragedies, and mining-related illness.
This tile includes a reference to the four victims of the Gleision disaster, in 2011, with the hope that it will be the last such tragedy.
A wall of remembrance will also mention all of the men who died at the two Senghenydd disasters, in 1913 and 1901.
The day of commemoration will begin with the sounding of the original Universal Colliery pit hooter, which will ring out down the Aber Valley at 8.10am, as it did 100 years ago.
It will end with evening tributes, including lantern parade and a memorial service.