The schools inspectorate Estyn says the quality of local authority education services for children and young people in Monmouthshire and Merthyr Tydfil is "unsafisfactory".
It is recommending both should be taken into special measures.
The reports say the councils have not done enough to work out where they need to improve, and how best to help poor performing schools.
More top news
Some clear spells to start the night but the cloud will thicken bringing patchy rain for some!
Carwyn Jones was "received in Audience" by the Queen today. The initial handshake was photographed but their conversation remains private.
The actress has lent her voice to the school's production of Hans Christian Andersen's The Little Match Girl.