The ECB says Ben Stokes was arrested after an incident in Bristol early Monday morning and released without charge.
Stokes played for England in Sunday's win over the West Indies, scoring 73 runs.
Avon and Somerset Police say they were called to a disorder in Queens Road, Clifton, at around 2.35am on Monday.
A 27-year-old man was found to have suffered facial injuries and was taken to the Bristol Royal Infirmary for treatment.
The ECB says all-rounder Stokes will not be available for tomorrow’s fourth one-day international against West Indies.
The governing body adds Stokes' team-mate Alex Hales will also miss tomorrow's match after he "returned voluntarily to Bristol today to help Police with their enquiries".