A raft of changes to the welfare benefits system this April began to come into force on Monday, with more being introduced throughout the month.
The changes include:
Housing Benefit - from 1 April
The under-occupancy penalty, dubbed a 'bedroom tax' by opponents and a 'spare-room subsidy' by ministers.
Housing benefit will be cut by 14% for those deemed to have one extra bedroom and 25% for claimants with two or more spare bedrooms.
Around 660,000 families will lose an average £14 housing benefit a week in the move ministers hope will save £500 million a year.
Who is affected?
Separated parents who share the care of their children and who may have been allocated an extra bedroom to reflect this. Benefit rules mean that there must be a designated ‘main carer’ for children (who receives the extra benefit).
Couples who use their spare bedroom when recovering from an illness or operation.
Parents whose children visit but are not part of the household
Disabled people including people living in adapted or specially designed properties.
Source: National Housing Federation
Parents with adult children in the armed forces (or reservists) who normally live with them.
A disabled tenant or partner who needs a non-resident overnight carer.
Foster carers if they have fostered a child or become an approved foster carer within the last 52 weeks.
Discretionary Housing Payments
An additional £25 million per year will be available from 2013/14 to help with the introduction of this change. This extra funding is aimed at disabled people living in significantly adapted accommodation.
Council Tax benefit - from 1 April
Council tax benefit has also been replaced by a new system run by local authorities but with 10% less funding.
Councils will be responsible for administering its replacement called the Council Tax Reduction Scheme.
They have had to decide whether to absorb the ten per cent cut, or make the poorest people, who tend to be those who are eligible for the benefit, pay
Under the new scheme pensioners will be protected.
Social Fund reform, from 1 April
Community care grants and crisis loans for general living expenses have been abolished.
Local authorities will be responsible for administering local assistance in England, Scotland and Wales.
If a crisis loan is needed to cover the period before an initial benefit payment, is received, a Short Term Advance, can be requested from the DWP.
Benefits uprating, from 6 April
Working-age benefits and tax credits will rise by a below-inflation one percent.
It is the start of a three-year cap that represents a real-terms cut.
Disability Living Allowance replacement - from 8 April
The personal independence payment scheme will begin to be introduced for people with a health condition or disability aged 16 to 64.
From April, it will be introduced for new claims in Merseyside, North West England, Cumbria, Cheshire and North East England. It will be introduced for all new claims from June 2013.
Currently, there are no current plans to replace Disability Living Allowance (DLA) for children under 16 and people aged 65 and over who are already receiving it.
Some people may require an assessment to work out the level of help needed.
Most people currently getting DLA will not by affected by the change until 2015, according to the government.
Armed Forces Independent Payment, from 8 April
The Armed Forces Independence Payment (AFIP) is a new benefit to provide additional financial support for seriously injured service or ex-service personnel.
It is designed to cover the extra costs they may have due to their injuries.
It will be paid at the rate of £134.40 per week.
It is being introduced in light of changes to existing welfare benefits
Payments will be made by the Department of Work and Pensions.
Benefit cap - from 15 April
A cap on the amount of benefit people of working age (16-64) will be introduced.
It will begin in four London boroughs of a £500-a-week cap on household benefits, and of the new Universal Credit system.
The trial will affect people living in Bromley, Croydon, Enfield and Haringey.
A limit will be put on the total amount of benefit that most people aged 16 to 64 can get.
The benefit cap will be introduced in all other council areas between 15 July and and 30 September 2013.
Universal Credit pilot, from 29 April
The transition to a new Universal Credit scheme which will replace the current system of working-age benefits and tax credits begins with a trial in test areas.
It will replace income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance, income-related Employment and Support Allowance, Income Support, Child Tax Credits, Housing Benefit.
From October 2013, people will be able to make new claims while claims for existing benefits and credits will be gradually phased out.
From April 2014, all new claims will be for Universal Credit.