Colman, nominated for female performance in a comedy programme for Twenty Twelve, is also nominated in the supporting actress category for her role in Accused.
Capaldi is in the running for the supporting actor gong for his performance in The Hour and could also take home the award for best male performance in a comedy programme for his role as foul-mouthed spin doctor Malcolm Tucker in The Thick Of It.
Olympic satire Twenty Twelve picked up four nominations in total with Jessica Hynes and Hugh Bonneville both recognised.
Also recognised are The Girl, Last Tango In Halifax and Accused - all of which picked up four nominations.
The Girl - based on actress Tippi Hedren's tumultuous relationship with film-maker Alfred Hitchcock - sees Sienna Miller, who played Hedren, nominated for leading actress.
Toby Jones, who played Hitchcock, is nominated for leading actor and co-star Imelda Staunton also gets a nod in the supporting actress category.
Miller is up against Anne Reid from Last Tango In Halifax, Rebecca Hall from Parade's End and Sheridan Smith for Mrs Biggs.
The competition for the leading actor gong sees Jones compete with Derek Jacobi, recognised for Last Tango In Halifax, Ben Whishaw in Richard II and Sean Bean, who is nominated for his role as a transvestite teacher in Accused.
The event, formally known as the Arqiva British Academy Television Awards, take place tonight at London's Royal Festival Hall and is hosted by Graham Norton.
Also nominated for best supporting actress are Anastasia Hille for The Fear and Sarah Lancashire from Last Tango In Halifax.
The other nominees for supporting actor are Stephen Graham from The Accused, The Fear's Harry Lloyd and Simon Russell Beale for his role in Henry IV Part 2 which was shown as part of the BBC's Hollow Crown Shakespeare season.
Colman's Twenty Twelve co-star Hynes, who played flighty PR guru Siobhan Sharpe, is also nominated in the female performance in a comedy programme category along with Julia Davis in Hunderby and Miranda Hart for her hit BBC sitcom.
's return as Alan Partridge in Welcome To The Places Of My Life is also nominated for male performance in a comedy programme, along with Inbetweeners star Greg Davies, who is nominated for Cuckoo.Twenty Twelve is nominated for best situation comedy along with Episodes, Hunderby and The Thick Of It.
The nominations for best single drama see Everyday, The Girl, Murder and Richard II fight it out for honours.
Last Tango In Halifax, the tale of two pensioners who rekindle an old relationship, is nominated for best drama series along with the bloody crime show Ripper Street, Scott And Bailey and Silk.
Sky's fantasy epic Game Of Thrones is in the running for best international show, along with The Bridge, Girls and espionage thriller Homeland.
ITV documentary The Other Side Of Jimmy Savile is nominated in the current affairs category.
The show, presented by former detective Mark Williams-Thomas, featured contributions from several women describing their abuse at the hands of the DJ and presenter.
It sparked a major police investigation and plunged the BBC into a crisis which saw director-general George Entwistle resign.