Britain is to fund a £1 billion scheme to tackle malaria and other tropical diseases in the name of the pioneering British scientist who discovered it was transmitted by mosquitoes - Sir Ronald Ross.
The Ross fund, also supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, is part of a Government effort to show Britain's aid money is being targeted towards causes that directly threaten the country's national security.
Sir Ronald Ross made the ground-breaking discovery on malaria transmission while working in the Indian Medical Service, becoming the UK's first Nobel prize winner in 1902.
Of the £1 billion, £305 million is focused on malaria and other infectious diseases such as TB, including the development of new drugs, diagnostics and insecticides.
Another £188 million will help tackle "diseases of epidemic potential" such as Ebola; £200 million will be spent on "neglected tropical diseases"; and £310 million will be targeted at "drug resistant infections".
Microsoft founder Gates - who with his wife Melinda has given away more than £25 billion through the Foundation - said:
The overseas aid budget is protected from public spending cuts.