Vote Leave have said that Britain should have a points-based migration system just like Australia does, in order to curb 'out of control' immigration.
Australia has had this points-based system in place since the early 1970s.
- Why was it created?
The policy of prioritising young, intelligent workers was introduced to the country because it was acknowledged that Australia needed to grow, and that this could only be achieved through immigration.
- How does it work?
The Migration Programme, as it is called, issues visas to people who meet strict criteria.
Before applying for a visa, you need to submit an "Expression of Interest" which will be assessed, and then - if you pass - you will be invited to formally apply for a visa and go through the application process.
- What is the criteria?
In order to get a visa to live in Australia there are several criteria, including:
- Age (must be under 50)
- Qualifications (must have been educated to secondary school level)
- English language ability (must be able to speak English competently)
- Skilled employment history (must be on the Skilled Occupations List)
- Health (must be of good health)
- Character (must be assessed to be of 'good' character)
Additionally, you must get at least 60 points in the Points Test.
Points are awarded for age (up to 30), English language ability (up to 20), skilled employment (up to 20), and educational qualifications (up to 20).
You can also get points if you've studied in Australia, if your partner (on the same visa) is also a skilled migrant, if you've done a Professional Year course in Australia, and if you've been nominated by a state or eligible family member.
- What is the Skilled Occupations List?
As well as getting your 60 points and covering the basic requirements, you also need to be working in a 'skilled occupation'.
There is a Skilled Occupations List (SOL) online which is updated regularly according to which skills Australia needs.
Right now, this includes specific engineering jobs, accountants, auditors, and many medical roles.
From July 2016 the list will include audiologists and prosthetists.