Dame Lowell Goddard received £80,000 in pay and allowances after stepping down as chair of the national inquiry into child sexual abuse.
The New Zealand high court judge received a severance payment of two months' salary and flights back home following the resignation after just 18 months in the role, the Home Office confirmed to ITV News.
Dame Lowell, 67, became the third person to quit as chair of the child sexual abuse inquiry when she tended her resignation in August.
She said the historical sex abuse inquiry had been beset by a "legacy of failure", and that there was an "inherent problem in the sheer scale and size" of the probe.
Last month, Home Secretary Amber Rudd told the Home Affairs Select Committee that Dame Lowell quit her role partly because she found it "too lonely".
Dame Lowell came under fire from critics after it emerged that she had spent over 70 days either on holiday or abroad during her first year in the role.
Her appointment in February 2015 made Dame Lowell the highest paid civil servant in Britain, with a salary of almost £500,000, and £75,000 in travel expenses for her and her family.
Dame Lowell's replacement Professor Alexis Jay will earn £185,000 a year.
The child sex abuse inquiry, which has been described as the most ambitious ever launched in England and Wales, was earmarked to last five years, but there have been suggestions that it could take as long as a decade.
Prime Minister Theresa May insisted that the scope of the inquiry is not too broad.
A Home Office spokeswoman told ITV News: "The Independent Inquiry has a vital role to play in exposing the failure of public bodies and other major organisations to prevent child sexual abuse.
"We owe it to victims and survivors to get to the truth and the Independent Inquiry is continuing its vital work."