Economic forecasters had a “Michael Fish moment” over their mistaken Brexit predictions, the chief economist at the Bank of England has said.
Andrew Haldane said it was "fair cop" to say the profession was "to some degree in crisis".
Mr Haldane compared the banking crisis to an infamous October 1987 weather forecast by BBC meteorologist Michael Fish, who wrongly denied claims a hurricane was going to hit Britain.
Hours after he said there was no hurricane coming "but it will be very windy in Spain" there was devastation across the UK that claimed 18 lives.
Mr Haldane said his team now face having to predict how the British economy will perform despite the "unknowable" outcome of the Brexit negotiations.
Speaking at an event organised by the Institute for Government, Mr Haldane said the performance of the economy since the referendum had been a "surprise" and admitted several forecasts in recent years had been missed.
"It is fair cop to say the profession is to some degree in crisis," he said.
He referred to failures in economic forecasting from the Great Depression in the 1930s to the Great Recession in 2008 when warnings were not heeded.
Asked why the BoE had forecast a "hurricane" for the economy that did not materialise, Mr Haldane replied: "It's been very windy in Spain."
He added: "It is true and again, fair cop. We had foreseen a sharper slowdown in the economy than has happened - in common with every other, almost every other mainstream macro forecaster."
Of the varying forecasts of how Britain will fare after leaving the EU, the economist said it was a "genuine uncertainty" as it depends on the outcome of negotiations with Brussels.
"The precise outcome of that right now is not just unknown, but unknowable. Not just to economic forecasters but to everyone," he said.
The BoE has drawn up models based on if the UK strikes a trade deal with the EU or has to fall back on World Trade Organisation rules once the two year period elapses after the triggering of Article 50.
"As things stand that's as good as you will do given the cloud of uncertainty that exists and will continue to exist for some time to come," Mr Faldane said.
That the BoE's experts had been proven wrong in the wake of the Brexit vote "has been a thoroughly good thing" and "very much welcome," he said.He attributed the resilience of the economy to consumer spending and the housing market.