Every day in the UK there are 15 cases of child sexual abuse linked to the internet, a 44% rise on last year, new figures show.
Thousands of cases of rape, sexual assault and grooming, which had an online element, were among the offences recorded by police last year.
The youngest recorded victim was just three-years-old.
In total there were 5,653 child sex crimes involving the internet recorded in 2016/2017, an increase of 44% on the previous year.
Following the revelation of the information, the NSPCC is urging the next government to introduce strict internet safety measures to protect children.
The information was obtained through Freedom of Information requests made by the NSPCC to police forces in England and Wales, and the figures given are from the 39 forces who replied.
For the past two years, police have been required by law to add a "cyber flag" to any child sexual offences that involved the internet in some form.
This could include activity such as online grooming, using the internet to meet up with a child, or an individual pretending to be someone online that they were not.
The data showed that among forces that recorded ages, 13 was the most common age of a victim. There were almost 100 crimes committed against youngsters aged 10 and under, and the youngest victim was aged three.
In 2015/16 Childine, which is run by the NSPCC, held more than 3,700 counselling sessions with youngsters about online sexual abuse, the charity revealed.
It said it was calling for an independent regulator to be established to hold social media companies to account and to issue fines where they failed to protect children.
The NSPCC also wants to see the government draw up minimum standards that internet firms must meet to safeguard children, and for children to be automatically offered safer social media accounts that have default privacy settings to protect them from harmful content and potential online predators.
NSPCC chief executive Peter Wanless said: "These figures confirm our fears that offenders are exploiting the internet to target children for their own dark deeds.
"Children also tell our Childline service that they are being targeted online by some adults who pose as children and try to meet them, or persuade them to perform sexual acts on webcams, before blackmailing them.
"This terrifies them and can leave some feeling worthless, depressed, and suicidal.
"We cannot idly sit by knowing that more and more innocent young people are being harmed online.
"Today's worrying data leaves the next government with no choice but to urgently address this issue.
"We are calling on them to force internet companies and social media sites to adhere to rules that keep their young users safe."
Last month, powers to tackle paedophiles who target children through social media or mobile phones came into effect, meaning that groomers convicted of sexual communication with a child face up to two years in prison and are automatically put on the sex offenders register.
The offence aims to cover a gap in existing legislation and allow police and prosecutors to intervene earlier and stamp out grooming before sexual activity can take place.