Video report by ITV News correspondent Romilly Weeks
Theresa May has bowed to pressure from Tory Brexiteers after accepting crucial changes to plans for leaving the European Union.
Eurosceptics tabled amendments to the Government’s Customs Bill aimed at imposing strict conditions on the Prime Minister after she produced a plan at Chequers that would keep the UK closely tied to Brussels’ rules on goods and food.
A Brexiteer source said the move confirmed that “Chequers is dead on arrival” after the Government accepted all four reforms put forward by Eurosceptics such as Jacob Rees-Mogg, Sir Bernard Jenkin, Priti Patel and Iain Duncan Smith.
Two Brexit heavyweights, David Davis and Boris Johnson, left their role over the Prime Minister's plan for a “common rule book” covering a new “UK-EU free trade area” and on Monday parliamentary private secretary Scott Mann followed suit.
Pressure on Theresa May was underlined by the disclosure that Brexiteers had set up a Whatsapp group to co-ordinate voting tactics, organised by ex-Brexit minister Steve Baker, who quit over the Chequers plan.
The Daily Telegraph reported more than 100 MPs had joined the group – more than double the 48 needed to submit letters of no confidence in the Prime Minister to force a leadership contest.
Rees-Mogg played down suggestions over the weekend they were seeking to topple Mrs May, saying she still had time to change course on her proposals.
He said ERG members would be meeting ahead of the Commons debate and votes on the Taxation (Cross-border Trade) Bill – or Customs Bill as it is more generally referred to – when the level of support for the amendments would become clearer.
“I’ve put down some amendments and we’ll see what support they get,” he said on Sunday. “We’ll have an idea of the numbers, I suppose, at 10 o’clock on Monday evening.”
The threat from the Brexiteers is not the only danger facing Mrs May, with pro-EU Tories tabling amendments of their own to the Customs Bill and the Trade Bill – which returns to the Commons on Tuesday – which would keep Britain in a customs union with the EU.
It was unclear whether they will actually press them to a vote after some pro-EU MPs backed Mrs May’s Chequers plan and EU white paper.
However, in a sign of just how volatile the party has become, former education secretary Justine Greening – who backed Remain – denounced the plan, saying it offered the “worst of both worlds” and called for a second referendum.
“The only solution is to take the final Brexit decision out of the hands of deadlocked politicians, away from the backroom deals, and give it back to the people,” she said in an article for The Times.
Meanwhile, US president Donald Trump said Mrs May needed a “carve out” in any Brexit agreement to ensure the UK can make a deal with the US.
He told Good Morning Britain: “I think we’re going to have a great trade deal.
“Now, if they do whatever they do, they have to… I said, make sure that you have a carve out.
“You know, I’ve called it a carve out for this. You have to have a carve out where no matter what happens they have the right to make a deal with the United States.”
Former international development secretary Priti Patel, who is proposing one of four amendments to the Taxation (Cross-border Trade) Bill, told BBC Radio 4’s Westminster Hour the white paper had “many flaws around our independence and our ability to make free trade agreements”.
She added: “Things have moved on from that very clear message that Brexit means Brexit, and that is why we are rightfully questioning the legislation, putting forward new clauses and amendments, and saying not just to the Prime Minister but the whole of government reconsider, look again and work with us.”
Meanwhile Boris Johnson, in his first public intervention since his resignation last week, appealed for people to take a more positive view of Britain’s prospects outside the EU.
In sign that he was keeping his powder dry, he said in an article for The Daily Telegraph that he would resist “for now” the temptation “to bang on about Brexit”.
“It is time for all of us – at this critical moment in our constitutional development – to believe in ourselves, to believe in the British people and what they can do, and in our democracy,” he wrote.
“People around the world believe passionately in Britain. It’s time we shared their confidence.”
In a BBC television interview on Sunday, Mrs May said she understood the strength of feelings driving the Brexit debate.
However she insisted her plan offered the only workable solution to maintain “frictionless” trade with the EU and avoid a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic while allowing the UK to strike trade deals around the world.
“Many people voted from the heart to leave the European Union,” she said.
“My job as Prime Minister is to deliver for them, but also I’ve got to be hard-headed and practical about this and do it in a way that ensures we get the best interests for the UK.”